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The Goddess Files

Enlightenment Through Discovery

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Lotus Flower
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The Goddess Files: Enlightenment through Discover

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February 18th, 2007

This began as a cooperative project between myself, Katie mmmpepper, and Becca inmydreamiwin to discover various goddesses of every religion or mythology, and each week teach eachother about them. Thank you Katie, for the wonderful idea!

The first week, I wanted to show Sekhmet, an Egyptian Goddess. It took me about an hour to put this all together.

Sekhmet, Goddess of War & DestructionCollapse )
the prayer of SekhmetCollapse )

She is known as the Avenger of Wrongs and the Scarlet Lady. Her name means "(one who is) powerful". She also was given titles such as (One)Before Whom Evil Trembles and Lady of Slaughter.

She was envisioned as a fierce lioness, and in art, was depicted as such, or as a woman with the head of a lioness, dressed in red, the colour of blood.

Born from the fire of Ra's eye, she was created to serve as a weapon of vengeance to destroy men for their wicked ways and their disobedience to Ra himself.

Sekhmet was believed to protect the pharaoh in battle, stalking the land, and destroying his enemies with arrows of fire, her body being said to take on the bright glare of the midday sun, gaining her the title Lady of Flame. Indeed it was said that death and destruction were balsam for her heart, and hot desert winds were believed to be her breath.

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"The good god, the lord of action, Neb-Ma'at-Ra [Amenhotep III], Beloved of Sekhmet, the Mistress of Dread, who gives life eternally. The son of the God Ra of His own body, Amenhotep, ruler of Waset (Thebes), Beloved of Sekhmet, the Mistress of Dread, Who gives life eternally."
-- Inscription on a statue of Sekhmet

The Egyptian people developed an elaborate ritual in hopes she could be appeased. This ritual revolved around more than 700 statues of the goddess (such as the one to the left). The ancient Egyptian priests were required to perform a ritual before a different one of these statues each morning and each afternoon of every single day of every single year. Only by the strictest adherence to this never-ending ritual could the ancient Egyptians be assured of their ability to placate Sekhmet.

It was said that her priests protected her statues from theft or vandalism by coating them with anthrax, and so Sekhmet was also seen as a bringer of disease, to be prayed to so as to cure such ills by placating her.

To pacify Sekhmet after battle, festivals were celebrated, so that there would be no more destruction. On such occasions, people danced and played music to soothe the wildness of the goddess, and drank great quantities of beer.

Sekhmet's blood-lust once lead to her destroying almost all of humanity, so Ra tricked her into drinking beer mixed with pomegranate juice so that it resembled blood, making her so drunk that she gave up slaughter and became the gentle Hathor. (1 & 2)

Hathor is the goddess of love, motherhood, fertility, beauty, & music. Symbolized Rebirth.) (3 & 4)

picture of HathorCollapse )

And her Tibetan counterpart, Simha Dakini. (especially useful against psychic attacks)(5)

tapestry depiction of Simha DakiniCollapse )

ReferencesCollapse )

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Welcome to The Goddess Files, home of the LJ database for goddesses from all over the world.

Here's how this works:

1. Pick a goddess.
No overlapping unless it is new, related information.

2. Research.
This is the most important part. We ask for at least 3 different sources of credible/semi-credible information.

Information we consider relevant: what culture the goddess is from, what she is the goddess of, alternate names and their meanings, text of adulations, prayers, invocations, inscriptions on statues (especially if you show a picture of it, brief historical accounts, allegories, who the goddess is related to, what she symbolizes, what her powers are, etc.

3. Pictures.
Please accompany your post with any pictures of actual artifacts or recognizible, traditional representations of the goddess you've chosen. Please limit these pictures to a reasonable size, consider historical relevance, and limit the number of pictures to 3-5 (depending on what is necessary).

Tip: Photobucket hosts images for free. Please use a photo hosting site such as this to insert images from, nothing is more disappointing than searching all day for photos and then have them not show up because you linked them from a website that does not allow it.

4. Documentation.
In this age of piracy it is very easy to "steal" copyrighted material. A great proportion of the information gathered for this purpose will come directly from publically viewable websites or from copyrighted texts. (We're great fans of Wikipedia) You are allowed to cut-and-paste text from a website as long as you document it at the end of every paragraph, or change in source.

Example: "Coatlicue represented the type of the devouring mother in whom were combined both the womb and the grave. (3) Almost all representation of this goddess depict her deadly side, because Earth, as well as loving mother, is the insatiable monster that consumes everything that lives. (1)"

When you use a source it is IMPERATIVE that you give a link (at the end of the entry) to the website directly, or give a book or magazine title and an author. It is not important to note page numbers, publication dates, or publishing houses, etc. Our chosen format for a "bibliography" or "works cited" is simple.

Example:

"(1) - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coatlicue
(2) - http://www.ancientmexico.com/content/map/coatlicue.html
(3) - http://www.pantheon.org/articles/c/coatlicue.html
(4) - http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/mythology/coatlicue_earth.html&edu=high"



So with those guidelines in mind, we bid you happy hunting, and welcome you to the group!
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